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Hungary

Közép-Magyarország or Central Hungary is one of seven regions in Hungary. It includes Budapest (the capital of the region) and Pest County. The sub-region contains a population of 1,712,210. 

The study area is located in the Pannonian biographical region. The physical properties of the soil are: loam (34%) sandy (33%), sandy clay (16%) and clay loam (9%). The total size of the study area is 691,546 ha of which 397,700 is utilised agricultural area. 

 

Key agricultural facts

Zealand Denmark

Eastern Scotland

Mazovia Poland

Közép Mag. Hungary

Toscany Italy

Jaén Spain

Total number of farm holdings 7.850 6.610 302.290 62.080 78.900 254.293
Average farm size [ha] 61 196 7 5 10 18
Farm holdings < 5 ha [%] 4 15 55 94 62 60
Farm holdings  > 50 ha[%] 32 60 1 1 3 6
Owner occupied[%] 72 65 89 36 75 79

  Source:  Eurostat data, 2010

The average farm size in Central Hungary is 5 ha, which is smaller than the European Union average of 15 ha.  The majority of the holdings are less than 5 ha (94%) with only 1% of holdings over 50 ha.  77% of the agricultural area is arable land and the dominant farming systems are cereals with small to large dairy and small mixed farming (dairy, poultry and pigs.).   Around 36% of the farmed land is owner occupied compared to an EU average of about 70%.


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Revised 11.09.2015